**8...d5**in the Ruy Lopez that he sprang on Capablanca a quarter of a century earlier: "I had been analyzing the variation for many years and came to the conclusion that the attack must be sound. I am still of the same opinion. By this I do not mean that Black necessarily wins; I merely claim that the attack gives Black many winning chances and should be good for at least a draw."

Today, some 45 years later*, this assessment is still a correct one. The Marshall Attack continues to be played at the grandmaster level, as can be seen in the games of Geller and Nunn to follow.

As I did in a previous article on the Sicilian Dragon, I have taken the liberty of using Robert Byrne's annotations from his column in

*The New York Times*, for illustrative games one through three. In illustrative game four, I have made use of the winner's notes, to be found in

*New in Chess Yearbook #6*.

The psychological frame of mind, needed by the players of the black pieces in these games, was best described by Marshall himself in

*My Fifty Years of Chess*: "I have always liked a wide open game and tried to knock out my opponent with a checkmate as quickly as possible. I subscribe to the old belief that offense is the best defense."

**Illustrative Game One**

*Braga-Geller, Amsterdam 1986*

*1.e4 e5 2.Nf3 Nc6 3.Bb5 a6 4.Ba4 Nf6 5.O-O Be7 6.Re1 b5 7.Bb3 O-O 8.c3 d5 9.exd5 Nxd5 10.Nxe5 Nxe5 11.Rxe5 c6 12.g3 Bf6 13.Re1 c5 14.d4 Bb7!?*This is an attempt to improve upon **14...cxd4? 15.cxd4 Bb7 16.Nc3 Nxc3 17.bxc3 Qd7 18.Bb2 +/=**, ** Matanovic-Geller, Sousse Interzonal 1967**.

*15.dxc5 Re8 16.Nd2*

But not **16.Rxe8+ Qxe8 17.Bxd5? Rd8 18.Be3 Qe4! 19.Nd2 **(*19.Bxe4 Rxd1+ 20.Kg2 Bxe4+ 21.f3 Rxb1*) **Qxd5 20.f3 Bg5! 21.Bxg5 Qxg5**.

*16...Nxc3! 17.bxc3 Bxc3 18.c6 Bxc6 19.Rxe8+ Qxe8 20.Rb1 Rd8 21.Qc2*

If instead **21.Rb2 a5! 22.Rc2 Qe4! 23.Qf3** (*23.f3 Qd4+ 24.Kg2 a4 25.Rxc3 Qxc3 26.Bc2 Bxf3+! 27.Qxf3 Qxc2*) **Qxf3 **(*23...Qe1+ 24.Kg2 Bxf3+ 25.Nxf3 Qe7 26.Rxc3* unclear; or *23...Qe1+ 24.Kg2 Rxd2! 25.Bxd2!*) **24.Nxf3 Rd1+ 25.Kg2 Rd3! 26.Be3 a4 27.Rxc3 Rxc3 28.Bd1 Ra3 -+**.

*21...Bxd2 22.Bxd2 Be4 23.Bxf7+ Kxf7 24.Qb3+ Bd5 25.Qb4 Qe4 26.Qxe4 Bxe4 27.Rb2 Rd4 28.h3 Bd5 29.Rc2 Ra4 30.Rc7+ Ke6 31.g4*

Bad is **31.Rxg7? Rxa2 31.Be1 Ra1 32.Kf1 Bc4+**.

*31...Rxa2 32.Be3 b4 33.Bd4 g5 34.Rxh7 Rd2 35.Bh8 Rd1+ 36.Kh2 Rh1+ 37.Kg3 Rg1+ 38.Kh2 Rg2+ 39.Kh1 Rxg4+ 40.Kh2 Rh4! 41.Rxh4 gxh4 42.f4 a5, White resigns.*

**Illustrative Game Two**

*Belyavsky-Malaniuk, USSR Championship 1987*

*1.e4 e5 2.Nf3 Nc6 3.Bb5 a6 4.Ba4 Nf6 5.O-O Be7 6.Re1 b5 7.Bb3 O-O 8.c3 d5 9.exd5 Nxd5 10.Nxe5 Nxe5 11.Rxe5 c6 12.d4 Bd6 13.Re2 Qh4 14.g3 Qh5 15.Nd2 Bh3*

Or **15...Bg4 16.f3 Bxf3 17.Nxf3 Qxf3 18.Rf2 Qxd1+ 19.Bxd1 Rae8 20.Bf3 +/=**.

*16.f3 Bc7 17.Ne4 Rae8*

If **17...Qxf3**, then **18.Ng5 Qh5 19.Nxh3 Qxh3 20.Qf1 +/=**.

*18.Qd3!? Re6 19.Bd2 Rg6 20.g4!? Bxg4!?*

Alternatives are:

a) **20...f5 21.Ng3! Bxg3 **(*21...Qh4 22.Nxf5*) **22.hxg3! **(*22.gxh5?! Bf2+ 23.Kxf2 Rg2+ 24.Kf1 Rg3+ 25.Kf2 Rg2+ 26.Kf1 Rg3+ 27.Rg2?! Rxg2 28.Qe3!? f4 29.Qe7 Rxd2+ 30.Kg1 h6* unclear) **fxg4 23.Re5! Rxf3 24.Qe4! Rxg3+ 25.Kh2 Qh4 26.Bxd5+ cxd5 27.Qxd5+ Kf8 28.Qa8+ Kf7 29.Qe8+ Kf6 30.Qe7#**;

b) **20...Qh4 21.Be1 Qd8 22.Bxd5 cxd5 23.Ng3 Bxg3 24.Bxg3 f5 25.gxf5 Bxf5 +/=**.

*21.fxg4 Rxg4+ 22.Ng3 f5 23.Rg2 Qh3 24.Rf1! Rf6*

White answers **24...f4** with **25.Qe4!**.

*25.Rf3 h5*

Now **25...f4 **is met by **26.Qe2! fxg3? 27.Qe8+**.

*26.Qe2 Rfg6 27.Bc2, Black resigns.*

*** * * * * * * * * * * * * ***

**Illustrative Game Three**

*Ljubojevic-Nunn, Szirak Interzonal 1987*

*1.e4 e5 2.Nf3 Nc6 3.Bb5 a6 4.Ba4 Nf6 5.O-O Be7 6.Re1 b5 7.Bb3 O-O 8.c3 d5 9.exd5 Nxd5 10.Nxe5 Nxe5 11.Rxe5 c6 12.d4 Bd6 13.Re2 Qh4 14.g3 Qh3!? 15.Nd2*

The alternative is **15.Qf1 Qh5 16.f3 Bh3 17.Qf2 Rae8 18.Nd2 f5**.

*15...Bf5 16.Bc2*

White must avoid:

a) **16.Ne4? Bg4 17.Nxd6 Qh5 18.Kf1 Qxh2 19.f3 Bh3+ 20.Ke1 Qxg3+ -/+**;

b) **16.Bxd5 cxd5 17.f3 Rae8 18.Nf1 h5 19.Be3 h4 20.Bf2 Bd7 21.gxh4 Rxe2 22.Qxe2 Re8 23.Qd3 Re6 24.Bg3 Rg6 25.Kf2 b4 -/+**, ** Gruenfeld-Pinter, Zagreb Interzonal 1987**.

*16...Bxc2 17.Qxc2 f5 18.c4*

If **18.f4**, then **18...Qf4 19.Nf1 Bxf4**.

*18...Qg4! 19.Re6!*

Worse is **19.Re1 f4! 20.f3 Qh3 21.cxd5 fxg3 =/+**, ** Mokry-Panczyk, Zdroj 1984**.

*19...Nf4! 20.Rxd6?*

Correct is **20.f3 Nh3+ 21.Kg2 Nf4+ 22.Kg1 Nh3+ =**, ** Hubner-Timman, Tilburg 1987**.

*20...Rae8 21.cxb5*

No better is **21.Nf3 Re2 22.Qb3 Nh3+ 23.Kh1 Rxf2 24.cxb5+ Kh8 25.Bf4 Rxf3 26.Qf7!? Rg8 27.Re1 Rxf4! -/+**.

*21...Re2!*

Wrong is **21...Re1+? 22.Nf1 Qh3 23.Qc4+ Kh8 24.Bxf4 +/-**.

*22.Qc4+*

The move **22.Qxc6?** fails to **22...Re1+ 23.Nf1 Rxf1+! 24.Kxf1 Qd1#**. Also unavailing for White is **22.Qb3+ Kh8 23.Nf3? Qxf3!**.

*22...Kh8 23.Qxe2*

On **23.d5**, there is **23...Re1+ 24.Nf1 Ne2+**.

*23...Nxe2+ 24.Kg2 f4! 25.bxc6*

A pretty finish would be **25.f3 fxg3! 26.fxg4 Rf2+ 27.Kh3 Rxh2#**.

*25...fxg3 26.hxg3 Nf4+, White resigns.*

*** * * * * * * * * * * * * ***

**Illustrative Game Four**

*Ulmanis-Van der Heijden, Correspondence 1985*

*1.e4 e5 2.Nf3 Nc6 3.Bb5 a6 4.Ba4 Nf6 5.O-O Be7 6.Re1 b5 7.Bb3 O-O 8.c3 d5 9.exd5 Nxd5 10.Nxe5 Nxe5 11.Rxe5 c6 12.d4 Bd6 13.Re1 Qh4 14.g3 Qh3 15.Be3 Bg4 16.Qd3 Rae8 17.Nd2 f5 18.f4 Kh8 19.Bxd5 cxd5 20.Qf1 Qh5 21.a4 bxa4*

Another sharp line is **21...g5 22.axb5 axb5 23.fxg5 Rxe3 24.Rxe3 f4 25.gxf4 Bxf4 26.Rg3 Qxg5 27.Kh1 Bd6 28.Qe1! **(*28.Qg2 Bxg3 29.Qxg3 h5 30.Ra7 h4 -/+*) **Bxg3 29.hxg3! Qh5+ 30.Kg1 Re8 31.Qf2 Re2?? 32.Qf8#**.

*22.Rxa4 g5 23.fxg5?!*

White should play **23.Raa1!**.

*23...Rxe3 24.Rxe3 f4 25.gxf4 Bxf4 26.Rg3 Qe8!*

Inferior is **26...Be3+ 27.Rxe3 Rxf1+ 28.Nxf1**.

*27.Rxg4 Be3+*

Less convincing is **27...Bxd2 28.Qxa6 Qe1+ **[*28...Qh5 29.Qe2! Be3+ 30.Kh1 Rf2 31.Ra8+ Kg7 32.Ra7+ Kf8 (32...Kg6 33.Qd3+!) 33.Ra8+ =*] **29.Kg2 Rf2+ **(*29...Qd1 30.Rg3 Be1 31.Ra1! Rf2+ 32.Kg1!*) **30.Kh3 Rf3+ 31.Rg3 Rxg3+ 32.hxg3 Qh1+ 33.Kg4 Qe4+ 34.Kh5 Qh1+ =**.

*28.Kg2*

After **28.Kh1**, Black plays **28...Rxf1+ 29.Nxf1 Qxa4 30.Nxe3 Qa1+ **followed by **31...Qxb2 **and the advance of the a-pawn.

*28...Rxf1 29.Nxf1 Bc1!*

White has better chances of defending after **29...Qxa4 30.Nxe3 Qb3 31.Kf3!? Qxb2 32.Nxd5 Qxh2!? 33.Re4 **and **34.Re5**.

*30.Ra5*

White rejected **30.Rb4** on account of **30...Qe2+ 31.Kg3 Qxf1 32.Rb8+ Kg7 33.Rb7+ Kg8 34.Rb8+ Kf7 35.Rb6 Qd3+ 36.Kh4!? Bd2 37.Rf6+? Kg7 38.Kh5 Be1! 39.h4 Qg6+ 40.Rxg6+ hxg6#**.

*30...Qe2+ 31.Kg3 Qxf1 32.Rxd5 Bd2!?*

Black might also have tried **32...Be3 33.Re4 Qf2+ **(*33...Qd3?? 34.Rd8+ Kg7 35.Re7+ Kg6 36.Rg8+Kf5 37.Re5#*) **34.Kg4 Qg2+ 35.Kf5 Qxg5+ **(*35...Qf3+ 36.Ke5 Bxg5 37.Rd6*) **36.Ke6 Qg6+ 37.Ke5 Bg1 38.Rd8+ Kg7 39.Rd7+ Kf8 40.Rf4+ **(*40.Rd8+ Ke7 41.Ra8 Qg5#*) **Ke8 41.Rff7 Bxh2+ **followed by **42...Qxf7 -/+**.

*33.h4?*

White could have put up more resistance by **33.h3 **[*33.Rd8+ Kg7 34.h4 (34.h3 Be3! 35.Re4 Qf2+ 36.Kg4 Qg2+ 37.Kf5 Qxg5+) Be1+ 35.Kh2 Qf3! 36.Rg2 Qf4+ 37.Kg1 (37.Kh1 Bg3) Bd2! 38.Re2 Be3+ 39.Kg2 Qg4+ 40.Kf1 Qg1#*] **Be1+ **(*33...Qg1+ 34.Kf3 Qh1+ 35.Ke2 Qxd5 36.Kxd2 Qf3!)*** 34.Kh2 Qf2+ 35.Rg2 Qf4+ 36.Kg1 Bd2 37.Re5 Be3+ 38.Rxe3 Qxe3+ 39.Kh2 Qf4+ 40.Kg1 Kg7 -/+**.

*33...Qg1+ 34.Kf3 Qh1+ 35.Rg2 Qh3+ 36.Rg3 Qf1+ 37.Kg4 Qf4+ 38.Kh3 Be1, White resigns.*

*{This article originally appeared in *Atlantic Chess News *in 1988}